Reduce Reuse Recycle

Putting food scraps in the compost bin

Composting Your Food Waste

Up 50% of the contents of a household’s general waste bin is organic material such as food scraps. If this is composted instead, it will reduce landfill and decrease greenhouse emissions.

There are three main types of composting systems.

Traditional composting

This is good for large quantities, including garden waste. It’s a slower system and can take up to 12 months to be ready for your garden.

You can add: most food and veg scraps including onions and citrus, lawn clippings and shredded paper.

Not suitable for: bread, meat, fish and dairy.

Worm farming

The worms do all the work - they just need to be fed small amounts, regularly. This system relies on healthy worms and just like us they like to keep cool in summer and warmer in winter. So, make sure you choose a suitable spot or move them when the seasons change.

You can add: most fruit and veg scraps, teabags and coffee grounds, crushed eggshells, small amounts of bread or pasta, moist cardboard and newspaper.

Not suitable for: garlic, large amounts of citrus or onion, chilli, dairy, citrus, meat, fish and oils.


This is a ‘fast’ system designed to be used in your kitchen and can sit on top of your bench top. It needs a specialist mix and regular maintenance and is great for those with limited space.

You can add: any food scraps including meat, fish, dairy and bread.

Not suitable for: garden waste.