Composting Kitchen Waste

Composting your food waste

Up to 50% of the contents of a household’s general waste bin is organic material such as food scraps. If this is composted instead, it will reduce landfill and decrease greenhouse emissions. There are three main types of composting systems.

September 10, 2020
Composting Kitchen Waste

Traditional composting

This is good for large quantities, including garden waste. It’s a slower system and can take up to 12 months to be ready for your garden.

You can add: most food and veg scraps including onions and citrus, lawn clippings and shredded paper.

Not suitable for: bread, meat, fish and dairy.

Worm farming

The worms do all the work - they just need to be fed small amounts, regularly. This system relies on healthy worms and just like us they like to keep cool in summer and warmer in winter. So, make sure you choose a suitable spot or move them when the seasons change.

You can add: most fruit and veg scraps, teabags and coffee grounds, crushed eggshells, small amounts of bread or pasta, moist cardboard and newspaper.

Not suitable for: garlic, large amounts of citrus or onion, chilli, dairy, citrus, meat, fish and oils.


This is a ‘fast’ system designed to be used in your kitchen and can sit on top of your bench top. It needs a specialist mix and regular maintenance and is great for those with limited space.

You can add: any food scraps including meat, fish, dairy and bread.

Not suitable for: garden waste.

What goes into your FOGO kerbside bin?

Some local councils have a 3-bin kerbside system. One of the kerbside bins is a FOGO bin.

  • Your FOGO bin is for food organics, garden organics, and other compostable items.
  • All food scraps can go in the FOGO bin, including fruit, vegetables, bread, meat, bones and leftovers. You can also add grass clippings, flowers, weeds, herbs, small branches and leaves.
  • It is essential to keep all plastic, aluminium, glass and anything labelled ‘biodegradable’ out of the FOGO bin.

The contents of FOGO bins are transported to a waste composting facility where it is turned into soil conditioner or compost.


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